Skip to content

Hearth and Home: news from the last century

March 6, 2012

The masthead of each issue contains a handsome little cottage where life is good. I want to have a house like that myself. (CLICK ON IMAGES TO ENLARGE.)

I found my first two issues of Hearth and Home in an antique mall several years ago and purchased them because their delicate engraved illustrations were charming. But when I took the time to actually read through the pages, I was surprised and impressed to discover just how good the magazine was in terms of content. It opened a fascinating window onto a vanished America, a republic that was still largely agrarian rather than urban, a place where you could traverse the land by railroad or steamboat but not by paved roads. What’s more, the magazine was co-edited by Harriet Beecher Stowe, a member of the accomplished and highly public Beecher family and the author of “Uncle Tom’s Cabin.” Her editorship was one of the fledgling accomplishments of women in American journalism; I know of no other US women editors in the 1800s except for Margaret Fuller. So why is her editorship, and the magazine itself, not better known?

This cover engraving is entitled "The Good Farmer." Note that he is reading to his rapt family none other than "Hearth and Home."

Harriet evidently brought a lot of her own interests to the magazine during her year at the editor’s helm. The publication was wildly eclectic in a way that no publisher would dare to do today when target audiences are so narrowly defined. Hearth and Home was designed for rural homemakers whose husbands could have been gardeners, farmers, orchardists, livestock owners and/or plant collectors; the editors assumed that each reader was classically literate. Each issue contained articles about different types of plants and how to grow them, animals and how to tend them, architectural floor plans and furnishings. Each issue featured notes on ladies’ fashions, suggestions for decorating modest homes inexpensively and yet charmingly, complex rebuses and puzzles for children that would baffle most adults today, and serialized fiction. But there was also material that would interest male readers, including news from around the world with topics that ring familiar today: “religious riots in Teheran,” and attempts by “the Ameer of Kabool” to put down uprisings. The magazine contained long listings for the current prices of commodities that included plaster, petroleum, lard, wheat, rye, wool, calves, and sperm whale oil.

"The bad farmer" is a drunkard; his children and wife wear rags; his starving horse eats the crops because of a ramshackle fence.

Hearth and Home contains glimpses of the Industrial Revolution that was transforming the world at that time. From the March 13, 1869 issue, a mention of the new telegraphy that was allowing the world to exchange news with great speed through cables laid across the bottom of the ocean: “The new French cable is now being shipped on board the Great Eastern. More than 600 miles are already on board. As the rope is being manufactured at the rate of 200 miles a week, the contract is well in hand, and all will be ready by the first week in June.”  And a glimpse of the work in progress at Suez, from the issue dated June 5, 1869,: “Between Shalouf and Suez, a distance of only twenty miles, 20,000 men are at work, and the canal is being pushed forward with great vigor—steam-dredges, asses, mules, men and camels, all contributing toward its completion. The contractor is bound under a penalty of 8000 [GB pounds] to finish the job by the first of October next.” Other contents included religion, politics and astronomic observations; and each issue had a full page at the end covered with illustrated advertisements for stoves, lightning rods and farm tools. And this abundance of contents was repeated every week, for that’s how often the magazine was published. How did Harriet and her associates possibly manage to collect so much varied content to meet her deadlines every single week??

A vanished and pristine America gleams forth from these old engravings.

Harriet only served as editor for one year, and the magazine seems to have continued only a short while without her. Hearth and Home is nearly completely forgotten today and has left virtually no trace on our culture or in our library collections. A completely unrelated magazine today goes by that name, and another magazine with that name also flourished during the late 1920s/early 1930s. The only way to find issues of the early Hearth and Home is to get lucky at an antique mall, or to scan the listings on eBay. Buyer beware: I found out to my sorrow that some of the sellers there are offering issues that have had the best engravings scissored out for separate sale.

"Change of Pasture."

I am enchanted when I peruse these pages, printed more than 140 years ago. They are a reminder of vanished American youth, abundance, self-reliance and optimism. I want to live in a world like that depicted in the pages of Hearth and Home.

"Rustic Furniture."

Advertisements

From → paper ephemera

5 Comments
  1. Steve Call permalink

    Hi, my name is Steve Call, and I’m a historian of 19th century America. I’ve stumbled across your blog entry concerning Hearth and Home, edited by Harriet Beecher Stowe. I share with you the frustration that so valuable a magazine, giving such a rich insight into American culture from that period, and one shaped by such an eminent figure in America’s history, is so forgot and inaccessible. It sounds like you have a number of copies of the journal; could you tell me if you have considered having them scanned and made available on-line? If you have, can you tell me where I might find them? If you have not, would you consider letting some archive or library scanning them so they could be made available to a wider audience of scholars such as myself?

  2. Milowent permalink

    great entry. i just started a wikipedia entry on “Hearth and Home” and was surprised to find this Stowe-edited publication has received so little attention!

    • I’m so glad to find other people out there who also enjoy this fascinating magazine! Thanks for reading and commenting.
      🙂
      Carrol

Trackbacks & Pingbacks

  1. “The adjustment of qualities is so perfect between men and women, and each is so necessary to the other, that the idea of inferiority is absurd.” Jenny June | Nothing Gilded, Nothing Gained–Books & Writing at Middlemay Farm

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s

%d bloggers like this: